A lawyer for Paul Whelan, an American citizen charged in Russia with espionage, said Thursday he filed an appeal in court against Whelan’s detention because he believes the arrest was unfounded.
Whelan, 48, a Michigan resident and corporate security director, was arrested December 28 in Moscow on suspicion of carrying out an act of espionage, Russia has said. His family rejects the accusation, asserting that he was in Russia only for vacation.
The Russian government announced the arrest Monday; no further details about the specific allegations against him have been released.
Whelan’s lawyer in Russia, Vladimir Zherebenkov, said Whelan has been charged and detained in Moscow’s Lefortovo prison since the day of his arrest.
“I filed a complaint with the Lefortovo court, because I believe that the arrest is excessive and unfounded,” Zherebenkov told CNN on Thursday. “We are asking for bail.”
Whelan feels well and is in a good mood, and the prison has treated him well, Zherebenkov said.
It could be half a year before the case goes to trial, the lawyer said.
Whelan’s family dismisses notions that he was a spy, asserting that the discharged Marine reservist was in Russia to attend a wedding for a fellow former US service member and a Russian woman.
The US has told Russia it expects more information about the charge, and it will demand Whelan’s release “if the detention is not appropriate,” US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Wednesday.
US Ambassador to Russia Jon Huntsman visited Whelan in prison on Wednesday and spoke with his family by telephone after the visit, a US State Department spokesman said.
Whelan’s arrest came 15 days after alleged Russian spy Maria Butina pleaded guilty in US federal court to trying to infiltrate political circles and influence US relations with Russia. Former US national security officials have speculated to CNN that the arrest of Whelan, spy or not, could be Russian government retaliation for Butina’s prosecution.
Family says he was with wedding party shortly before arrest
Whelan is the director of global security for Michigan-based automotive components supplier BorgWarner. If found guilty, he faces 10 to 20 years imprisonment, Russia’s state-run news agency TASS reported.
His online footprint and information from his family paint a picture of a former military man and corporate security expert who had some familiarity with Russia, traveling and collecting friends there, and having an account on a Russian social media platform similar to Facebook.
Whelan was in Russia to attend a retired fellow Marine’s wedding and serve as a guide to wedding guests who’d not visited Russia previously, according to his twin brother, David Whelan.
Paul Whelan flew to Moscow on December 22, and took a room at Moscow’s Metropol hotel. By Friday, he was with the wedding party at the Kremlin, acting as a tour guide, his brother said.
When Paul didn’t arrive at the wedding later Friday, the newlyweds filed a missing-person report with Russian authorities, the brother told CNN.
Before his arrest, Paul had plans to check into a St. Petersburg hotel on Wednesday and fly home on Sunday, David said.
Who is Paul Whelan?
Whelan was born in Canada to British parents, but is a US citizen living in Novi, Michigan. He served 14 years in the US Marine Corps Reserve and completed two tours in Iraq, in 2004 and 2006.
The onetime staff sergeant’s service with the Reserve ended in 2008 with a bad-conduct discharge for wrongfully using another person’s Social Security number and writing bad checks, according to military court documents. A military judge found him guilty of attempted larceny and three specifications of dereliction of duty.
He’s had a career in corporate security, his brother said, including at BorgWarner since 2017.
Whelan’s job entails making sure BorgWarner facilities are physically secure — that they can’t be stolen from or broken into — his brother says. The company confirms his employment, but notes BorgWarner has no facilities in Russia.
Friends and trips in Russia
Few details about Whelan’s previous travels to Russia were immediately available. But he’s no stranger to the country, having been there several times for work and personal business, his brother said.
During his 2006 Iraq tour with the 3rd Marine Aircraft Wing, he even used his two weeks’ leave to visit Russia.
A 2007 online Marine Corps article says he spent the leave “experiencing the post-Soviet era of Moscow and St. Petersburg.” An attached photo shows him standing across the Moscow River from the Kremlin.
It also appears that Whelan had been using a Russian social media platform similar to Facebook for the past 13 years.
Photos showing Whelan have been uploaded to the VKontakte (VK) social network from around the world for years, in a profile under his name.
The last status update on the page reads “next stop, Moscow…”
When asked about the VKontakte page, Whelan’s brother said he couldn’t confirm the account, but accepts that he likely had one, because he made friends in the country.
“I knew over the years he had met Russians,” David Whelan told CNN Wednesday. “I don’t know whether it was through work or through his Marine activity. But he’d met people while he’d been traveling around, and he connected with them on social media. And he would tell us that when he was traveling he would go visit those people.”
Yet the brother said he didn’t know “that Russia was specifically a place he’d like to go.”
“He liked to travel wherever he could. He was been to India and Iceland, all over the place. He has friends in Russia, so that would be an extra draw, people he’s met on social media, but I don’t know that Russia was a particular place of return for him,” David Whelan said.