The minimum wage is set to go up in 72 jurisdictions in 2020. The increases will be in 24 states and 48 cities and counties, according to the advocacy group National Employment Law Project.
Most of those changes are set to begin on the first day of 2020, though New York’s pay raise is set to begin December 31, the NELP reported.
On New Year’s Day, 20 states and 26 cities and counties, mostly in California, will raise the minimum wages.
Statewide, the minimum wage in California will increase by $1 per hour, brining it to $13 for companies with at least 26 employees and $12 for small businesses.
But as California marches toward a $15 minimum wage by 2023, some cities will exceed that amount starting Wednesday, including Petaluma.
Four more states and 23 more cities and counties will join later in the year, according to NELP.
In July, a $15-per-hour minimum wage will go into effect for large businesses in the city and county of Los Angeles, Malibu, Pasadena and Santa Monica.
“These increases will put much-needed money into the hands of the lowest-paid workers, many of whom struggle with high and ever-increasing costs of living,” wrote researcher and policy analyst Yannet Lathrop in a blog post announcing the new wages.
Indiana’s minimum wage is $7.25. There were multiple proposals to raise the minimum wage during the 2019 legislative session; a Senate proposal was referred to the Committee on Pensions and Labor while a House proposal was referred to the Committee on Government and Regulatory Reform.
Here are the states increasing the minimum wage next year:
- Alaska (effective January 2020)
- Arizona (effective January 2020)
- Arkansas (effective January 2020)
- California (effective January 2020)
- Colorado (effective January 2020)
- Connecticut (effective September 2020)
- Florida (effective January 2020)
- Illinois (effective July 2020)
- Maine (effective January 2020)
- Maryland (effective January 2020)
- Massachusetts (effective January 2020)
- Michigan (effective January 2020)
- Minnesota (effective January 2020)
- Missouri (effective January 2020)
- Montana (effective January 2020)
- Nevada (effective July 2020)
- New Jersey (effective January 2020)
- New Mexico (effective January 2020)
- New York (effective December 31, 2019)
- Ohio (effective January 2020)
- Oregon (effective July 2020)
- South Dakota (effective January 2020)
- Vermont (effective January 2020)
- Washington State (effective January 2020)
Past efforts to raise minimum wage
The minimum wage has been a hotly contested subject. Earlier this year, the US House of Representatives passed the Raise the Wage Act, to make a $15 an hour minimum wage a national standard — up from the current $7.25 an hour. The bill, however, didn’t make it past the Senate.
The bill was preceded by numerous calls for wage raises, notably in 2012 when fast-food workers in New York went on strike. At the time, some workers were only making $7.75 an hour. In 2012, the median wage in New York for fast food workers was $9 an hour, meaning half of all fast-food workers in New York were earning less than $9 an hour.
Raising minimum wage could hurt workers, some argue
But opponents of raising the minimum wage say the result could be fewer jobs. If employers have to pay their workers $15 an hour, they’ll hire less workers, the reasoning goes.
And that reasoning isn’t without merit. A study done in July by the Congressional Budget Office projected that a wage increase to $15 an hour would result in a loss of 1.3 million workers, or 0.8 percent of the workforce.
Some have backed a $12 an hour minimum wage instead to lessen the impact of a higher raise on the job market.
But others have argued the impact wouldn’t be as severe as projections assume. David Howell, a professor of economics and public policy at the New School, told CNN back in July that half of the projected jobs lost are held by teenagers, who could find other work more in-line with a career track. He said everyone else could be retrained for higher-paid work.
“The American problem isn’t quantity of jobs,” Howell said. “It’s quality of jobs.”