The nearly 200 Americans flown out of China on a chartered flight will stay at a military base in Southern California for at least three days so they can be monitored for coronavirus symptoms.
US health officials will not set up a blanket quarantine for the evacuees who arrived at the March Air Reserve Base near Riverside on Wednesday from Wuhan, the epicenter of the deadly coronavirus outbreak in China.
But while none of the 195 passengers showed signs of sickness, they agreed to stay at the base voluntarily, said Dr. Chris Braden of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The plan is to hold them for three days and monitor them for fever and other symptoms at least twice daily.
Coronavirus has killed 170 people and infected nearly 8,000 others in China, most of them in the hardest-hit city of Wuhan. Outside of mainland China, there are 91 confirmed cases, including five in the United States.
More evacuation flights for US citizens in Wuhan will be arranged, the US State Department said Thursday. Those flights will leave Wuhan on or around Monday; further details weren't immediately available.
American describes panic in Wuhan as virus spreads
Jarred Evans is one of the evacuated Americans staying at the California base for at least 72 hours.
Before landing in the US on the chartered flight, he spent more than a week holed up in his apartment in Wuhan as coronavirus raced through the city. During that time, he said, residents sent panicked messages, warning others to take precaution.
"It hit fast and ... it just was very hectic for like three days straight," he said. "I got the news from my Chinese friends saying, 'Hey, stay inside. Wear a mask. Don't go outside, stock up on some food 'cause this is going to get serious.' And as you can see, it's very serious."
And through it all, it felt surreal, like a bad dream as the city got cut off from the rest of the nation.
"When you're there and there's no transportation, no trains, no subways, no planes, the military is blocking off each and every aspect of the road. No Ubers, nothing. Mom and pop stores are closed. You think to yourself, like, is this real? Is this a movie? Is this a nightmare?" he said.
The New York-native moved to Wuhan to play American football in a Chinese league. When the US Embassy announced it was evacuating diplomats, their families and some US citizens this week depending on space availability, he only had five hours to get to the airport, he said.
And when their flight arrived in the United States -- first in Anchorage, Alaska, for fueling before making its way to the military base in California -- there was a huge sense of relief among passengers mixed with some apprehension that some people may have contracted the virus.
"Everyone was clapping. No one was shaking hands, that's for sure ... but we were clapping," he said.
Passengers will need monitoring for 14 more days
Evans and the other passengers will be held for three days, but that will not be the end of the monitoring process.
If health officials determine they don't pose a danger and can go home, they will still need to be monitored by local officials for the 14-day incubation period, Braden said. Those staying near the base can choose to remain there for the 14 days.
"If anyone demands to leave right now, that is where all of the partners ... would come together and talk about what needs to be done," said Dr. Nancy Knight, the CDC's director of global health protection. She noted that US marshals are on hand to ensure everyone's safety.
Before they arrived in California, the passengers were also screened in Alaska when the flight landed Tuesday night in an isolated area of the Anchorage airport's north terminal, which handles international flights, airport manager Jim Szczesniak said.
The CDC will work with airport officials to clean the terminal, and there are no international flights scheduled at the airport until May, he said.
US and states work to combat epidemic
As more cases of the virus are confirmed worldwide, the White House announced a new task force that's meeting daily to discuss the threat of the coronavirus.
The task force will help monitor and contain the spread of the virus, and ensure Americans have accurate and up-to-date health and travel information, it said.
Meanwhile, states are pushing for more action.
Washington Gov. Jay Inslee asked US federal health officials to expand screenings to passengers returning to the United States from China at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, where the country's first confirmed case of the deadly virus entered the US. Inslee wants the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to collect passengers' health history and temperature readings.
"There is a lot we don't know about the virus, it's called 'novel' for a reason," Inslee said. "We know there are multiple infections in China and we hope (the CDC) will extend that (testing)."
In Hawaii, the state closest to the coronavirus outbreak, officials are urging residents to avoid discretionary trips to China.
"Not only because of the health threat, but because ... travel is very much disrupted," Hawaii Health Director Bruce Anderson said
There are currently no cases of coronavirus in Hawaii, and officials said there's minimal risk to people on the islands.
The State Department has issued an advisory asking Americans not to travel to Wuhan while the virus has an impact.